How UK Laws Relate to Other Countries The United Kingdom was a member of the European Union (EU) which has its own set of laws. The EU’s health and safety legislation applied in all 27 countries that are members, currently still including the UK.
The HSE sets out how it will enforce these regulations on behalf of employers and employees across the UK.
UK Health and Safety Legislation There are two main pieces of legislation governing workplace health and safety in the UK – the Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 and the Control of Substances Hazardous to Health Regulations 2002. These cover: • General duties for workers • Specific requirements relating to hazardous substances • Requirements regarding safe systems of work • Safe use of machinery • Personal protective equipment • Fire protection • Emergency procedures • First aid • Accidents at work • Reporting accidents • Managing risks • Training • Record keeping • Information about hazards.
The Health & Safety Executive (HSE) is responsible for enforcing this legislation across England, Scotland and Wales. The HSE also has a role as part of the Department for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy (BEIS), which oversees policy development and implementation at national level.
Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 The Health & Safety at Work Act 1974 is a piece of British law that aims to protect people from harm while they’re working, by making sure employers take reasonable steps to ensure their employees can do so safely. It covers all workplaces in the UK and sets out how an employer should manage health and safety issues on site. This includes: • Providing information for workers about what needs doing to keep them safe • Making sure there are adequate systems in place to prevent injuries or illnesses happening • Taking action if someone gets injured or ill • Keeping records of incidents • Ensuring staff have access to any training needed to help them stay healthy … That’s where we come in.